Food Guide

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FRUIT

 

Apple - a hard round fruit that has red, light green, or yellow skin and is white inside.

 

Polish: jabłko

Portuguese:Maçã

Italian:mela

Dutch: appel

French: pomme

Turkish: Elma

Bulgariann: ябълка [`jabәlka]

 

Apricot a small round fruit that is orange or yellow and has a single large seed.

 

Polish: brzoskwinia

Portuguese:alperce

Italian: albicocca

Dutch:abrikoos

French: abricot

Turkish: Kayısı

Bulgariann: кайсия [kaj`sija]

 

 

Banana a long curved tropical fruit with a yellow skin.

 

Polish: banan

Portuguese:banana

Italian:banana

Dutch: banaan

French: banane

Turkish: Muz

Bulgariann: банан [ba`nan]

 

Coconut –  the large brown seed of a tropical tree, which has a hard shell containing white flesh that you can eat and a milky liquid that you can drink.

 

Polish: kokos

Portuguese:coco

Italian: cocco

Dutch: kokosnoot

French: Noix de coco

Turkish:Hindistan cevizi

Bulgariann: кокос [ko`kos]

 

Grapes one of a number of small round green or purple fruits that grow together on a vine. Grapes are often used for making wine.

 

Polish: winogrona

Portuguese:uvas

Italian:uva

Dutch: druiven

French: raisin

Turkish: Üzüm

Bulgariann: грозде [`grozde]

 

Grapefruit a round yellow citrus fruit with a thick skin, like a large orange.

 

Polish: grejfrut

Portuguese:toranja

Italian: pompelmo

Dutch: pompelmoes

French: pamplemousse

Turkish: Greyfurt

 Bulgariann: грейпфрут [`grejpfru:t]

Kiwi fruit -  a small sweet fruit with a brown skin, which is green inside.

 

Polish: kiwi

Portuguese:kiwi

Italian: kiwi

Dutch: kiwi

French: kiwi

Turkish: Kivi

Bulgariann: киви [`kivi]

 

Lemon - a fruit with a hard yellow skin and sour juice.

 

Polish: cytryna

Portuguese:limão

Italian: limone

Dutch: citroen

French: citron

Turkish: Limon

Bulgariann:  лимон [li`mon]

Lime - a small juicy green fruit with a sour taste, or the tree this grows on.

 

Polish: limetka

Portuguese:lima

Italian: lime

Dutch: limoen

French citron vert

Turkish: Yeşil Limon

Bulgariann:  лайм [lajm]

Mango - a tropical fruit with a thin skin and sweet yellow flesh.

 

Polish: mango

Portuguese:manga

Italian:mango

Dutch: mango

French: mangue

Turkish: Mango

Bulgariann: манго [`maηgo]

 

Melon a large round fruit with sweet juicy flesh.

 

Polish: melon

Portuguese:melão

Italian:melone

Dutch: meloen

French: melon

Turkish: Kavun

Bulgariann: пъпеш [`pә:peſ ]

 

Orange - a round fruit that has a thick orange skin and is divided into parts inside.

 

Polish: pomarańcza

Portuguese:laranja

Italian: arancia

Dutch:sinaasappel

French: orange

Turkish: Portakal

Bulgariann: портокал [porto`kal]

Peach - a round juicy fruit that has a soft yellow or red skin and a large hard seed in the centre, or the tree that this fruit grows on.

 

Polish: brzoskwinia

Portuguese:pêssego

Italian:pesca

Dutch: perzik

French: pêche

Turkish: Şeftali

Bulgariann: праскова [`praskova]

 

 

Pineapple - a large yellow-brown tropical fruit or its sweet juicy yellow flesh.

 

Polish: ananas

Portuguese:ananás

Italian: ananas

Dutch:ananas

French: ananas

Turkish: Ananans

Bulgariann: ананас [a`nanas] 

Strawberry - a soft red juicy fruit with small seeds on its surface, or the plant that grows this fruit.

 

Polish: truskawka

Portuguese:morango

Italian:fragola

Dutch: aardbei

French: fraise

Turkish: Çilek

Bulgariann: ягода [`jagoda]

 

Watermelon - a large round fruit with hard green skin, red flesh, and black seeds.

 

 

Polish: arbuz

Portuguese:melancia
Italian: anguria

Dutch: watermeloen

French: pastèque

Turkish: Karpuz

Bulgariann: диня [`dinja]

  

Cherry - a small round red or black fruit with a long thin stem and a stone in the middle.

 

Polish: czereśnia

Portuguese:cerejas

Italian: ciliegia

Dutch: kers

French: cerise

Turkish: Kiraz

Bulgariann: череши [tſ e`reſ i]

 

Mandarin – a kind of small orange with skin that is easy to remove.

 

Polish: mandarynka

Portuguese:tangerina

Italian: mandarino

Dutch: mandarijn

French: mandarine

Turkish: Mandalin

Bulgarian: мандарина [man`darina]

 

 

Pear - a sweet juicy fruit that has a round base and is thinner near the top, or the tree that produces this fruit.

 

Polish: gruszka

Portuguese:pera

Italian: pera

Dutch: peer

French: poire

Turkish: Armut

Bulgarian: круша [`kruſ a]

 

Plum - a small round juicy fruit which is dark red, purple, or yellow and has a single hard seed, or the tree that produces this fruit.

 

Polish: śliwka

Portuguese:ameixa

Italian: prugna

Dutch: pruim

French: prune

Turkish: Erik

Bulgarian:  слива [`sliva]

 

 

 

VEGETABLES

 

 

Broccoli - a green vegetable that has short branch-like stems.

 

Polish: brokuł

Portuguese:brócolos

Italian: broccolo

Dutch: broccoli

French brocoli

Turkish: brokoli

Bulgarian:  броколи [`brokoli]

Cabbage - a large round vegetable with thick green or purple leaves.

 

Polish: kapusta

Portuguese:couve

Italian: cavolo

Dutch: kool

French: chou

Turkish: lahana

Bulgarian: зеле [`zele]

 

Carrot - a long pointed orange vegetable that grows under the ground.

 

Polish: marchewka

Portuguese:cenoura

Italian: carota

Dutch: wortel

French: carotte

Turkish: havuc

Bulgarian: морков [`morkov]

 

Cucumber - a long thin round vegetable with a dark green skin and a light green inside, usually eaten raw.

 

Polish: ogórek

Portuguese:pepino

Italian: cetriolo

Dutch: komkommer

French: concombre

Turkish: salatalık

Bulgarian: краставица [`krastavitsa]

 

Green bean - a long thin green vegetable which is picked before the beans inside it grow.

 

Polish: groszek

Portuguese:feijão verde

Italian: fagiolini

Dutch: groene boontjes

French: haricots verts

Turkish: fasülye

Bulgarian: зелен фасул [ze`len fa`sul]

 

Lettuce - a round vegetable with thin green leaves eaten raw in salad.

 

Polish: sałata

Portuguese:alface

Italian: lattuga

Dutch: kropsla

French: laitue

Turkish: marul

Bulgarian:  маруля [ma`rulja]

Mushroom - one of several kinds of fungus with stems and round tops, some of which can be eaten.

 

Polish: grzyb

Portuguese:cogumelos
Italian: fungo

Dutch: champignon

French: champignon

Turkish: mantar

Bulgarian: гъби [`gә:bi]

 

Onion - a round white vegetable with a brown, red, or white skin and many layers. Onions have a strong taste and smell.

 

Polish: cebula

Portuguese:cebola

Italian:cipolla

Dutch: ui

French: onion

Turkish: soğan

Bulgarian: кромид лук [kro`mid`luk] 

Pepper - a hollow red, green, or yellow vegetable, eaten either raw or cooked with other food.

 

Polish: papryka

Portuguese:pimento

Italian: peperone

Dutch: paprika

French: poivron

Turkish: biber

Bulgarian: пипер [pi`per]

 

Potato - a round white vegetable with a brown, red, or pale yellow skin, that grows under the ground.

 

Polish: ziemniak

Portuguese:batata

Italian: patata

Dutch: aardappel

French: pomme de terre

Turkish: patates

Bulgarian: картоф [kar`tof]

 

Corn - a tall plant with large yellow seeds that grow together on a cob (= long hard part ), which is cooked and eaten as a vegetable or fed to animals.

 

Polish: kukurydza

Portuguese:milho

Italian: mais

Dutch: suikermaïs

French: maïs sucré, maïs doux

Turkish: mısır

Bulgarian: царевица [`tsarevitsa]

 

Tomato - a round soft red fruit eaten raw or cooked as a vegetable.

 

Polish: pomidor

Portuguese:tomate

Italian: pomodoro

Dutch: tomaat

French: tomate

Turkish: domates

Bulgarian: домат [do`mat]

Beetroot - a plant with a round dark red root that you cook and eat as a vegetable.

 

Polish: burak

Portuguese:beterraba

Italian: barbabietola

Dutch: rode biet

French: betterave

Turkish: turp

Bulgarian: цвекло [tsvek`lo]

 

Garlic – a plant like a small onion, used in cooking to give a strong taste.

 

Polish: czosnek

Portuguese:alho
Italian:aglio

Dutch: look

French: ail

Turkish: sarmısak

Bulgarian: чесън [`tesәn]

 

Leek – a vegetable with a long white stem and long flat green leaves, which tastes like an onion.

 

Polish: por

Portuguese:alho francês

Italian: porro

Dutch: prei

French: poireau

Turkish: pırasa

Bulgarian: праз [praz]

 

Spinach – a vegetable with large dark green leaves.

 

Polish: szpinak

Portuguese:espinafre

Italian: spinaci

Dutch: spinazie

French: épinards

Turkish: ıspanak

Bulgarian: праз [praz]

 

 

 

NUTS

 

 

Almond - a flat pale nut with brown skin that tastes sweet, or the tree that produces these nuts.

 

Polish: migdał

Portuguese:amêndoa

Italian: mandorla

Dutch: amandel

French: amande

Turkish: badem

Bulgarian: бадем [ ba`dem]

 

Chestnut - a smooth red-brown nut that you can eat.

 

Polish: kasztan

Portuguese:castanha
Italian: castagna

Dutch: kastanje

French: marron

Turkish:

Bulgarian: кестен [`kesten]

Cashew - a small curved nut.

 

Polish: nerkowiec

Portuguese:

Italian: anacardio

Dutch: cashewnoot

French: noix de cajou

Turkish: kaju

Bulgarian: индийско кашу [in`dijsko ka`u]

Hazelnut - the nut of the hazel tree.

 

Polish: orzech laskowy

Portuguese:avelã
Italian: nocciola

Dutch: hazelnoot

French: noisette

Turkish: fındık

 Bulgarian: лешник [`lenik]

Peanut - a pale brown nut in a thin shell which grows under the ground.

 

Polish: orzechy ziemne (fistaszki)

Portuguese:amendoim
Italian: arachidi

Dutch: pinda

French: cacahuète

Turkish: fıstık

Bulgarian: фъстък [fәs`tәk]

 

 

Pistachio - a small green nut.

 

Polish: orzech pistacjowy

Portuguese:pistachio

Italian: pistacchio

Dutch: pistache

French: pistache

Turkish: Antep fıstığı

Bulgarian: шам фъстък [am`fәstәk]

 

Walnut - a nut that you can eat, shaped like a human brain.

 

Polish: orzech włoski

Portuguese::noz

Italian: noce

Dutch: walnoot

French: noix

Turkish: ceviz

 Bulgarian: орех [`oreh]

 

 

DRIED FRUIT

 

Raisin - a dried grape.

 

Polish: rodzynka

Portuguese:passa

Italian: uvetta

Dutch: rozijn

French: raisin sec

Turkish: kuru üzüm

Bulgarian: стафиди [sta`fidi]

 

Prune – a dried plum, often cooked before it is eaten.

 

Polish: suszona śliwka

Portuguese:ameixas secas

Italian: prugna secca

Dutch: gedroogde pruim

French: prune sec

Turkish: kuru erik

 Bulgarian: сини сливи [`sini`slivi]

Date - a sweet sticky brown fruit with a long hard seed inside.

 

Polish: daktyl

Portuguese:

Italian: dattero

Dutch: dadel

French: datte

Turkish: hurma

 Bulgarian: фурми [fur`mi]

Fig - a soft sweet fruit with a lot of small seeds, often eaten dried, or the tree on which this fruit grows.

 

Polish: figa

Portuguese:figos

Italian: fico

Dutch: droge vijg

French: figue

Turkish:

 Bulgarian: смокиня [smo`kinja]

 

 

 

HERBS

 

Basil - a strong-smelling and strong-tasting herb used in cooking.

 

Polish: bazylia

Portuguese:basílico

Italian: basilico

Dutch: basilicum, baziel, koningskruid

French: basilic

Turkish: bezelye

 Bulgarian: босилек [bo`silek]

Bay leaf - a sweet-smelling leaf from the bay tree, used in cooking.

 

Polish: liść laurowy

Portuguese:louro / loureiro

Italian: alloro

Dutch: laurier

French: laurier

Turkish: defne yaprağı

 Bulgarian: дафинов лист [dafi`nov`list]

 

Clove - a black spice with a strong sweet smell.

 

Polish: goździki

Portuguese:cravo

Italian: chiodi di garofano

Dutch: kruidnagel

French: cloude girofle

Turkish: karanfil

Bulgarian: карамфил [karam`fil]

Dill - a type of herb.

 

Polish: koperek

Portuguese:endro

Italian: aneto

Dutch: dille

French: aneth

Turkish: dere otu

 Bulgarian: копър [`kopәr]

 

Parsley - a herb with curly leaves, used in cooking or as decoration on food.

 

Polish: pietruszka

Portuguese:salsa

Italian: prezzemolo

Dutch: peterselie

French: persil

Turkish: maydonoz

 Bulgarian: магданоз [magda`noz]

Mint - a small plant with green leaves that have a fresh smell and taste and are used in cooking.

 

Polish: mięta

Portuguese:menta

Italian: menta

Dutch: munt

French: menthe

Turkish: nane

 Bulgarian: мента [`menta]

Chives - the long thin green leaves of a plant with purple flowers. Chives taste like onion and are used in cooking.

 

Polish: szczypiorek

Portuguese:cebolinho

Italian:erba cipollina

Dutch: bieslook

French: ciboulette

Turkish:

 Bulgarian: сибирски лук [si`birski `luk]

Garlic - a plant like a small onion, used in cooking to give a strong taste.

 

Polish: czosnek

Portuguese:alho

Italian: aglio

Dutch: look

French: ail

Turkish: sarmısak

 Bulgarian: чесън [`te:sәn]

Lavender - a plant that has grey-green leaves and purple flowers with a strong pleasant smell.

 

Polish: lawenda

Portuguese:lavanda

Italian: lavanda

Dutch: lavender

French: lavande

Turkish: lavanta

 Bulgarian: лавандула [lavan`dula]

Oregano - a plant used in cooking, especially in Italian cooking.

 

Polish: oregano

Portuguese:oregãos

Italian: origano

Dutch: oregano

French: origan, marjolaine savage

Turkish:

Bulgarian: риган [`rigan]

Rosemary - the narrow leaves of a bush, used as a herb, or the bush that these leaves come from.

 

Polish: rozmaryn

Portuguese:rosmaninho

Italian: rosmarino

Dutch: rozemarijn

French: romarin

Turkish:

Bulgarian: розмарин [`rozmarin]

 

Thyme - a plant used for giving food a special taste.

 

Polish: tymianek

Portuguese:tomilho

Italian: timo

Dutch: tijm

French: thym

Turkish:

Bulgarian: мащерка [`ma:ſ terka]

Sage - a herb with grey-green leaves.

 

Polish: szałwia

Portuguese:sálvia

Italian: salvia

Dutch: salie

French: sauge

Turkish:

Bulgarian: градински чай [gra`dinski `taj]

 

 

 

 

DESSERTS

 

Cake - a soft sweet food made by baking a mixture of flour, butter, sugar, and eggs.

 

Polish: ciasto

Portuguese:bolo

Italian: torta

Dutch: cake, biscuit, gebak

French: cake, biscuit

Turkish: çilekli pasta

Bulgarian: торта [`torta]

Cookie - a small flat sweet cake, biscuit.

 

Polish: herbatnik

Portuguese:bolacha

Italian: biscotto

Dutch: koekje, biscuit

French: biscuit

Turkish: kurabiye

Bulgarian: бисквита [bisk`vita]

Fruit - something that grows on a plant, tree, or bush, can be eaten as a food, contains seeds or a stone, and is usually sweet.

 

Polish: owoc

Portuguese:fruta
Italian: frutta

Dutch: fruit

French: fruit

Turkish:

 Bulgarian: плодове [plo`dove]

Pastry - a small sweet cake, made using pastry.

 

Polish: kruche ciasto

Portuguese:pastel

Italian: pasticcini / mignon

Dutch: zoete versnapering

French: mignardise

Turkish:

 

 

Ice – cream - a frozen sweet food made of milk, cream, and sugar, with fruit, nuts, chocolate etc sometimes added to it.

 

Polish: lody

Portuguese:gelado

Italian: gelato

Dutch: roomijs

French: crème glacée, glace

Turkish: dondurma

Bulgarian: сладолед [slado`led]

Candy – a sweet food made from sugar or chocolate. 

 

Polish: cukierek

Portuguese:rebuçado

Italian: caramella

Dutch: snoep

French: friandise

Turkish: şeker

Bulgarian: бонбони [bon`boni]

Brownie - a thick flat chocolate cake.

 

Polish: ciasto czekoladowe

Portuguese:bolo de chocolate

Italian: torta al cioccolato

Dutch: brownie, chocoladecakeje

French:  brownie, gateau au chocolat

Turkish: kek

Bulgarian: шоколадов кекс [oko`ladov `keks]

Jelly - a soft sweet food made from fruit juice and gelatin.

 

Polish: galaretka

Portuguese:gelatina

Italian: gelatina

Dutch: no translation

French: no translation

Turkish: jöle

Bulgarian: желе [ʒe`le]

Pie - fruit baked inside a pastry covering.

 

Polish: ciasto z owocami

Portuguese:tarte

Italian: torta, crostata

Dutch: taart

French: tarte

Turkish:

Bulgarian: плодов пай [`plodov`paj]

Tart - a pie without a top on it, containing something sweet.

 

Polish: tarta

Portuguese:tarte
Italian: crostata

Dutch: taart

French: tarte

Turkish:

Bulgarian: тарт [tart]

Pancake - a thin flat round cake made from flour, milk, and eggs, that has been cooked in a flat pan and is eaten hot.

 

Polish: naleśnik

Portuguese:panqueca

Italian: crêpe

Dutch: flensje, pannekoek

French: crêpe

Turkish:

Bulgarian: палачинки [pala`tſ inki]

Pudding

1.    British English a hot sweet dish, made from cake, rice, bread etc with fruit, milk, or other sweet things added.

2.    American English a thick sweet creamy dish, usually made with milk, eggs, sugar, and flour, and served cold.

Polish: puding, budyń

Portuguese:pudim

Italian: pudding / budino

Dutch: pudding

French: pudding

Turkish: puding

Bulgarian: пудинг [`pu:diηg]

 

 

 

 

 

SPICES

 

Cinnamon - a sweet-smelling brown substance used for giving a special taste to cakes and other sweet foods.

 

Polish: cynamon

Portuguese:canela

Italian: cannella

Dutch: kaneel

French: Canelle

Turkish: tarcın

Bulgarian: канела [ka`nela]

 

Saffron - a bright yellow spice that is used in cooking to give food a special taste and colour. It is sold as a powder or in thin pieces.

 

Polish: szafran

Portuguese:açafrão

Italian: zafferano

Dutch: saffraan

French: safran

Turkish: safran

Bulgarian: шафран [af`ran]

 

Ginger - a root with a very strong hot taste, or the powder made from this root, that is used in cooking.

 

Polish: piernik

Portuguese:gengibre

Italian: zenzero

Dutch: gember

French: gingembre

Turkish:

Bulgarian: джинджифил [dʒindʒi`fil]

Salt -  a natural white mineral that is added to food to make it taste better or to preserve it.

 

Polish: sól

Portuguese:sal

Italian: sale

Dutch: zout

French: sel

Turkish: tuz

Bulgarian: сол [sol]

Pepper - a powder that is used to add a hot taste to food.

 

Polish: pieprz

Portuguese:pimenta
Italian: pepe

Dutch: peper

French: poivre

Turkish: karabiber

Bulgarian: черен пипер [`tſ eren pi`per]

Chilli - a small thin red or green pepper with a very strong hot taste.

 

Polish: papryka chilli

Portuguese:paprica

Italian: peperoncino

Dutch: Chili peper, Spaanse peper

French: piments

Turkish: fini biber

Bulgarian: люти чушки [`lju:ti `tſ u:ſ ki]

Nutmeg – a brown powder made from the seed of a tropical tree, which is used as a spice.

 

Polish: gałka muszkatołowa

Portuguese:noz-moscada

Italian: noce moscata

Dutch: muskaatnoot

French: noix de muscade

Turkish:

Bulgarian: индийско орехче [in`dijsko `orehtſ e]

Vanilla- a substance used to give a special taste to ice cream, cakes etc, made from the beans of a tropical plant.

 

Polish: wanilia

Portuguese:baunilha

Italian: vaniglia

Dutch: vanille

French: vanilla

Turkish:

Bulgarian: ванилия [va`nilija]

 

 

MEAT

 

Bacon - salted or smoked meat from the back or sides of a pig, often served in narrow thin pieces.

 

Polish: bekon

Portuguese:bacon

Italian: pancetta

Dutch: mager spek, bacon, ontbijtspek

French: lard mi-gras

Turkish: bekın

Bulgarian: бекон [be`kon]

Chicken - meat from a common farm bird that is kept for its meat and eggs.

 

Polish: kurczak

Portuguese:frango

Italian: pollo

Dutch: kip

French: poulet, poule, poularde

Turkish: kızarmış tavuk

Bulgarian: пиле [`pi:le]

Ham - the upper part of a pig’s leg, or the meat from this that has been preserved with salt or smoke.

 

Polish: szynka

Portuguese:fiambre

Italian: prosciutto

Dutch: ham, hesp

French: jambon

Turkish:

Bulgarian: шунка [`ſ u:ηka]

Pork -  the meat from pigs.

 

Polish: wieprzowina

Portuguese:porco

Italian: carne di maiale

Dutch: varkensvlees

French: viande de porc

Turkish:

 Bulgarian: свинско месо-котлети [`svi:nsko meso kot`leti]

Poultry - meat from birds such as chickens and ducks.

 

Polish: drób

Portuguese:aves

Italian: pollame / cacciagione

Dutch: gevogelte

French: volaille

Turkish: tavuk

Bulgarian: домашни птици [do`maſ ni `ptitsi]

 

Sausage - a small tube of skin filled with a mixture of meat, spices etc, eaten hot or cold after it has been cooked.

 

Polish: kiełbasa

Portuguese:salsicha /chouriço

Italian: salsiccia

Dutch: worst

French: saucisse

Turkish: sucuk

 Bulgarian: наденица [`nadenitsa]

Steak - good quality beef or a large thick piece of any good quality red meat.

 

Polish: stek

Portuguese:bife

Italian: bistecca

Dutch: steak, beefsteak

French: steak de boeuf

Turkish: biftek

 Bulgarian: пържола [pәr`ʒola]

Turkey - the meat from a bird that looks like a large chicken and is often eaten at Christmas and at Thanksgiving.

 

Polish: indyk

Portuguese:peru

Italian: tacchino

Dutch: kalkoen

French: dinde, dindonneau

Turkish: tavuk

Bulgarian: пуйка [`pujka]

Veal - the meat of a calf (= a young cow ).

 

Polish: cielęcina

Portuguese:vitela

Italian: vitello

Dutch: kalfsvlees

French: viande de veau

Turkish:

Bulgarian: телешко месо [`te:leſ ko me`so]

 

Duck - the meat of a duck – a very common water bird with short legs and a wide beak, used for its meat, eggs, and soft feathers.

 

Polish: kaczka

Portuguese:pato

Italian: anatra

Dutch: eend

French: canard, caneton

Turkish:

Bulgarian: патица [`pa:titsa]

Lamb - the meat of a young sheep.

 

Polish: jagnięcina

Portuguese:cordeiro

Italian: agnello

Dutch: lamsvlees

French: agneau

Turkish: kaburga

Bulgarian: агнешко месо [`a:gneſ ko me`so]

Rabbit – the meat of a rabbit - a small animal with long ears and soft fur, that lives in a hole in the ground.

 

Polish: mięso z królika

Portuguese:coelho

Italian: coniglio

Dutch: konijn

French: lapin

Turkish: tavşan eti

Bulgarian: заешко месо [`zaeſ ko me`so]

 

 

 

FISH

 

Cod - a large sea fish that lives in the North Atlantic.

 

Polish: dorsz

Portuguese:bacalhau

Italian: merluzzo

Dutch: kabeljauw

French: cabillaud

Turkish:

 Bulgarian:треска [`treska]

 

 

Herring - a long thin silver sea fish that can be eaten.

 

Polish: śledź

Portuguese:arenque

Italian: aringa

Dutch: haring

French: hareng

Turkish: levrek

Bulgarian: херинга [`heriηga]

 

 

Salmon - a large fish with silver skin and pink flesh that lives in the sea but swims up rivers to lay its eggs.

 

Polish: łosoś

Portuguese:salmão
Italian: salmone

Dutch: zalm

French: saumon

Turkish: somon

 Bulgarian: сьомга [`sjo:mga]

Sardine -  a small young fish that is often packed in flat metal boxes when it is sold as food.

 

Polish: sardynka

Portuguese:sardinha

Italian: sardina

Dutch: sardine

French: sardine

Turkish: sardalya

 Bulgarian: сардина [sar`dina]

 

Trout -  a common river-fish, often used for food, or the flesh of this fish.

 

Polish: pstrąg

Portuguese:truta

Italian: trota

Dutch: forel

French: truite

Turkish: alabalık

 Bulgarian:пъстърва [pәs`tә:rva]

 

Tuna  - a large sea fish caught for food.

 

Polish: tuńczyk

Portuguese:atum

Italian: tonno

Dutch: tonijn

Drench: thon

Turkish: ton

Bulgarian:риба тон [`riba`ton]

 

Mackerel - a sea fish that has oily flesh and a strong taste.

 

Polish: makrela

Portuguese:cavala

Italian: sgombro

Dutch: makreel

French: maquereau

Turkish:

Bulgarian: скумрия [skum`rija]

 

 

 

Carp a large fish that lives in lakes and rivers and can be eaten.

 

Polish: karp

Portuguese:carpa

Italian: carpa

Dutch: karper

French: carpe

Turkish:

 Bulgarian: шаран [ſ a`ran]

 

Anchovy - a very small fish that tastes strongly of salt.

 

Polish: sardela

Portuguese:anchova

Italian: acciuga

Dutch: ansjovis

French: anchois

Turkish: sardalya

 Bulgarian: аншоа [an`ſ oa]

 

Halibut - a large flat sea fish used as food.

 

Polish:

Portuguese:

Italian: rombo

Dutch: heilbot

French: flétan

Turkish:

Bulgarian:калкан [kal`kan]

 

Sole - a flat fish that is often used for food.

 

Polish: sola

Portuguese:solha

Italian: sogliola

Dutch: zeetong

French: sole

Turkish:

Bulgarian: морски език [`morski ezik]

 

Eel – a long thin fish that looks like a snake and can be eaten.

 

Polish: węgorz

Portuguese:enguia

Italian: anguilla

Dutch: paling

French: anguille

Turkish: yılan balığı

Bulgarian: змиорка [zmi`orka]

 

 

SEAFOOD

 

Crab - a sea animal with a hard shell, five legs on each side, and two large claws.

 

Polish: krab

Portuguese:caranguejo

Italian: granchio

Dutch: krab

French: crabe

Turkish: yengeç

Bulgarian: рак [rak]

Lobster - a sea animal with eight legs, a shell, and two large claws.

 

Polish: homar

Portuguese:lagosta
Italian: astice

Dutch: kreeft

French: homard

Turkish: istakoz

Bulgarian: омар [o`mar]

Shrimp -a small sea creature that you can eat, which has ten legs and a soft shell.

 

Polish: krewetka

Portuguese:camarão

Italian: gamberetto

Dutch: garnaal

French: crevette

Turkish: karides

Bulgarian: скарида [ska`rida]

Octopus -  a sea creature with eight tentacles.

 

Polish: ośmiornica

Portuguese:polvo

Italian: polipo

Dutch: octopus

French: mollusques

Turkish: ahtopot

Bulgarian: октопод [okto`pod]

Squid - a sea creature with a long soft body and ten arms around its mouth.

 

Polish: kałamarnica

Portuguese::lula

Italian: calamaro

Dutch: pijlinktvis

French: calamari, encornet

Turkish: mürekkep balığı

Bulgarian: калмар [kal`mar]

Mussel - a small sea animal with a soft body that can be eaten and a black shell that is divided into two parts.

 

Polish: małż

Portuguese:mexilhão

Italian: cozza

Dutch: mossel

French: moule

Turkish: midye

Bulgarian: мида [`mida]

Oyster - a type of shellfish that can be eaten cooked or uncooked, and that produces a jewel called a pearl.

 

Polish: ostryga

Portuguese:ostra

Italian: ostrica

Dutch: oester

French: huitre

Turkish: midye

Bulgarian: стриди [`stridi]

Crayfish - a small animal like a lobster that lives in rivers and streams, or the meat from this animal.

 

Polish: langusta

Portuguese:lagostim

Italian: gambero di acqua dolce

Dutch: rivierkreeft

French: écrevisse

Turkish: karides

Bulgarian: речен рак [`retſ en `rak]

Scampi - large prawns (= sea creatures ) that are covered in bread crumbs and cooked in hot oil.

 

Polish:

Portuguese:

Italian: scampo

Dutch: scampi

French: scampi

Turkish:

Bulgarian: кралски скариди [`kralski ska`ridi]

 

 

 

DIARY PRODUCTS

 

Butter – a solid yellow food made from milk or cream that you spread on bread or use in cooking.

 

Polish: masło

Portuguese:manteiga

Italian: burro

Dutch: boter

French: beurre

Turkish: margarin

Bulgarian: масло [mas`lo]

Cheese -  a solid food made from milk, which is usually yellow or white in colour, and can be soft or hard.

 

Polish: ser żółty

Portuguese:queijo

Italian: formaggio

Dutch: kaas

French: fromage

Turkish: kaşar

Bulgarian: сирене [`sirene]

Goat’s cheese – cheese made from goat’s milk.

 

Polish: ser kozi

Portuguese:queijo de ovelha

Italian: formaggio di capra, caprino

Dutch: geitenkaas

French: fromage de chèvre

Turkish: beyaz peynir

Bulgarian: козе сирене [`koze `sirene]

Cream - a thick yellow-white liquid that rises to the top of milk.

 

Polish: śmietana

Portuguese:nata

Italian: panna

Dutch: verse room

French: crème fraîche

Turkish:

Bulgarian: сметана [sme`tana]

Egg – a round object with a hard surface, that contains a baby bird, snake, insect etc and which is produced by a female bird, snake, insect etc.

 

Polish: jajko

Portuguese:ovos

Italian: uovo

Dutch: ei

French oeuf

Turkish: yumurta

Bulgarian: яйце [jaj`tse]

Fried egg

 

Polish: jajko sadzone

Portuguese:ovo frito
Italian: uovo all’occhio di bue

Dutch: Spiegeleieren

French: oeuf sur le plat

Turkish: sahanda yumurta

Bulgarian: пържени яйца [`pә:rʒeni jaj`tsa]

Poached egg

 

Polish: jajko po benedyktyńsku

Portuguese:ovo escalfado

Italian: uovo in camicia

Dutch: gepocheerd ei

French: oeuf poché

Turkish: poşe yumurta

Bulgarian: яйца на очи [jaj`tsa na o`tſ i]

Hard boiled egg

 

Polish: jajko na twardo

Portuguese:ovo cozido

Italian: uovo sodo

Dutch: hard gekookt ei

French: oeuf dur

Turkish:haşlamış yumurta

Bulgarian: твърдо сварено яйце [`tvә:rdo sva`reno jaj`tse]

Scrambled egg

 

Polish: jajecznica

Portuguese:ovos mexidos

Italian: uova strapazzate

Dutch: roerei

French: oeuf brouillé

Turkish: menemen

Bulgarian: бъркани яйца [`bә:rkani jaj`tsa]

 

 

Margarine - a yellow substance similar to butter but made from vegetable or animal fats, which you eat with bread or use for cooking.

 

Polish: margaryna

Portuguese:margarina

Italian: margarina

Dutch: margarine

French: margarine

Turkish: margarin

Bulgarian: маргарин [marga`rin]

Milk - a white liquid produced by cows or goats that is drunk by people.

 

Polish: mleko

Portuguese:leite

Italian: latte

Dutch: melk

French: lait

Turkish: süt

Bulgarian: мляко [`mljako]

 

Yoghurt - a thick liquid food that tastes slightly sour and is made from milk, or an amount of this food.

 

Polish: jogurt

Portuguese:iogurte

Italian: yogurt

Dutch: yoghurt

French: yoghourt, yogourt, yaourt

Turkish: yoğurt

Bulgarian:кисело мляко [`kiselo `mljako]

Ice cream - a frozen sweet food made of milk, cream, and sugar, with fruit, nuts, chocolate etc sometimes added to it.

 

Polish: lody

Portuguese:gelado

Italian: gelato

Dutch: roomijs

French: crème glacée, glace

Turkish: dondurma

Bulgarian: сладолед [slado`led]

Whipped cream – cream that has been beaten until it is thick.

 

Polish: bita śmietana

Portuguese:chantilly

Italian: panna montata

Dutch: slagroom

French: crème fouettée, crème Chantilly

Turkish: krema

Bulgarian: бита сметана [`bita sme`tana]

 

 

 

 

CEREALS

 

Bread - a type of food made from flour and water that is mixed together and then baked.

 

Polish: bread

Portuguese:pão

Italian: pane

Dutch: brood

French: pain

Turkish: kepek ekmeği

Bulgarian: хляб [hljab]

Cereal - breakfast food made from grain and usually eaten with milk.

 

Polish:

Portuguese:cereal

Italian: cereali

Dutch: graangewassen

French: céréales

Turkish: mısır gevreği

Bulgarian: зърнени храни [`zә:r neni hra`ni]

Breadcrumbs - very small pieces of bread that are left after cutting bread, or are used in cooking.

 

Polish: bułka tarta

Portuguese:migalhas

Italian: pangrattato

Dutch: paneermeel

French: chapelure

Turkish:

 Bulgarian: галета [ga`leta]

Croissant – a piece of bread, shaped in a curve and usually eaten for breakfast.

 

Polish: rogalik

Portuguese:croissant

Italian: cornetto

Dutch: croissant

French: croissant

Turkish: krovzon

Bulgarian: кроасан [kroa`san]

Flour - a powder that is made by crushing wheat or other grain and that is used for making bread, cakes etc.

 

Polish: mąka

Portuguese:farinha

Italian: farina

Dutch: bloem

French: farine

Turkish: un

Bulgarian: брашно [braſ `no]

Oats - the grain from which flour or oatmeal is made and that is used in cooking, or in food for animals.

 

Polish: owies

Portuguese:aveia

Italian: avena

Dutch: haver

French: ovaine

Turkish: buğday

 Bulgarian: овес [o`ves]

Pastry - a mixture of flour, butter, and milk or water, used to make the outer part of baked foods such as pies.

 

Polish: kruche ciasto

Portuguese:pastel

Italian: mignon / pasticcini

Dutch: zoete versnapering

French: mignardise

Turkish:

Bulgarian: дребни сладки [`drebni `sladki]

Rice -  food that consists of small white or brown grains that you boil in water until they become soft enough to eat.

 

Polish: ryż

Portuguese:arroz

Italian: riso

Dutch: rijst

French: riz

Turkish:

Bulgarian: ориз [o`riz]

Semolina – small grains of crushed wheat, used especially in making sweet dishes and pasta.

 

Polish: grysik

Portuguese:sêmola

Italian: semolino

Dutch: griesmeel

French: sémoule

Turkish:Bulgarian: грис [gris]

 

 

 

 

 

 

BREAD

 

Roll - a small round loaf of bread for one person, a bun.

 

Polish: bułka

Portuguese:molete/ carcaça/pão

Italian: panino all’olio

Dutch: broodje, pistolet

French: petit pain, pistolet

Turkish: ekmek

 

 

Loaf - bread that is shaped and baked in one piece and can be cut into slices.

 

Polish: bochenek

Portuguese:pão de forma

Italian: pagnotta / filone

Dutch: brood

French: pain

Turkish: tost ekmeği

Bulgarian: самун [sa`mun]

 

Toast – bread that has been heated so that it is brown on both sides and no longer soft.

 

Polish: tost

Portuguese:tosta

Italian: toast

Dutch: toast

French: toast

Turkish: etimek

Bulgarian: сухар [su`har]

 

 

 

PASTA

 

Conchiglie = shells

 

Polish: muszelki

Portuguese:conchas

Dutch: schelpjes pasta

French: coquille pasta

Turkish: deniz kabuğu

Bulgarian: мида [`mida]

Farfalle = butterflies

 

Polish:i

Portuguese:farfalle / lacinhos

Dutch: farfalle

French: farfalle

Turkish: fiyong

 Bulgarian/ панделка [`pandelka]

 

Fusilli

 

Polish: świderki

Portuguese:fusilli

Dutch: fusilli

French: fusilli

Turkish: burgu

Bulgarian: спирали [spi`ra:li]

Gomito maccheroni = elbow macaroni

 

Polish: kolanka

Portuguese:macarrão

Dutch: elleboog macaroni

French: coude macaroni

Turkish: burgu

Bulgarian:къси макарони [`kә:si maka`roni]

 

Penne = pens

 

Polish: rurki

Portuguese:penne

Dutch: penne

French: penne

Turkish:

Bulgarian: дълги макарони [`dә:lgi maka`roni]

Spaghetti

 

Polish: spagetti

Portuguese:esparguete

Dutch: spaghetti

French: spaghetti

Turkish: spagetti

Bulgarian: спагети [spa`geti]

Lasagne

 

Polish: lazania

Portuguese:lasanha

Dutch: Lasagne

French: lasagne

Turkish: lazanya

Bulgarian: лазаня [la`zanja]